Questions 43-52 are based on the following
Passage 1 is adapted from Cristina Eisenberg, The Carnivore Way: Coexisting with and Conserving North America’s Predators. ©2014 by Cristina Eisenberg. Passage 2 is adapted from John R. Squires et al., “Missing Lynx and Trophic Cascades in Food Webs: A Reply to Ripple et al.” ©2012 by The Wildlife Society. A trophic cascade occurs when the presence of a predator decreases the population of its prey, thereby increasing the numbers of organisms at the next-lower trophic level.

Passage I Passage II




In line 81, the authors of Passage 2 use the word
“shared” most likely to indicate that coyotes and lynx

  • A) have some overlap in their diets.

  • B) will sometimes feed together.

  • C) are both preyed on by wolves.

  • D) may scavenge each other’s prey.