Questions 43-52 are based on the following
Passage 1 is adapted from Cristina Eisenberg, The Carnivore Way: Coexisting with and Conserving North America’s Predators. ©2014 by Cristina Eisenberg. Passage 2 is adapted from John R. Squires et al., “Missing Lynx and Trophic Cascades in Food Webs: A Reply to Ripple et al.” ©2012 by The Wildlife Society. A trophic cascade occurs when the presence of a predator decreases the population of its prey, thereby increasing the numbers of organisms at the next-lower trophic level.

Passage I Passage II




Which choice provides the best evidence for the
answer to the previous question?

  • A) Lines 65-68 (“In other . . . carcasses”)

  • B) Lines 69-72 (“The generally . . . cougars”)

  • C) Lines 82-84 (“Ripple . . . lynx”)

  • D) Lines 86-88 (“An observation . . . interaction”)